types of drill bits for wood

Ideal for As such, they are considered a “must-have” for DIYers who use their drill for a variety of uses from job to job. There are three basic types of wood drill bits. If you’re creating a wood project that requires a power drill or impact driver, what is the best bit for the job? The type of wood will dictate which drill bit is better for you. The first type of wood drill bit is a lip and spur bit, which are also known as dowel bits. A wide variety of types of drill bits for wood options are available to you, such as finish, applicable industries, and warranty. However, these holes usually come out rough in texture, making them better suited for use in places that will not be seen in the final product. Aluminium welds itself to HSS during drilling. As their name suggests, these drill bits are shaped like a traditional wood auger and are best suited for drilling large holes in hard, dry lumber. To do that, you’ll need to learn all about the various types of drill bits available today. You can choose which bit is right for you. Tile bits are often known as diamond bits because their cylindrical tips are coated in microscopic diamonds that allow for seamless boring through fragile tiles and porcelain. check my article about the best step drill bit sets one can get, see my guide to the best Forstner bit sets, check my masonry bit recommendations here, check out my brad point drill bit set recommendations. What type of drill bit is used for wood? The right drill bits for metal/aluminium, stone/concrete, wood and plastic 1.1.1 The right drill bit for metal or aluminium Twist bits are easy to recognize based upon their cylindrical shank and loose corkscrew shaft. Screw point tip pulls the bit through for faster boring action. installing computer, telephone, TV, stereo & security system wires. Twist drill bits, also known as “ Carbon steel ” bits, are adequate for woodwork. There are obvious necessities such as hardware and glue that hold the pieces together. Many brad point bits also come with rubber stoppers that allow users to create uniform hole depths. Twist bits2. There is drill bit called the lip and spur drill bits which are used to cut holes in woods. Brad point centers bit for easy positioning of hole. You can also see my guide to the best Forstner bit sets if you are thinking of getting one. Brad point bits3. Titanium bits perform far better with aluminium. Most drill bits have a spiral shape – which helps to remove the drilled material from the hole. This is the most basic type of drill bit that often comes packed with a drill itself. These are better able to resist wear and tear from routine use. The single-spur construction of these bits creates a fairly smooth hole, while their threaded tip reduces the amount of force that must be exerted by the user. In specialized instances, it is critical to research on the use of the following wood drilling bits. That being said, these bits must often be cooled with water and used only at a recommended RPM. Also, those shanks often feature a tip at both ends, allowing a user to double the number of holes they drill before replacing a bit. Special wood drill bits are required for larger holes to be cut with greater accuracy. Countersink bits5. You can see my favorite spade bit sets here. Cordless vs. Corded Circular Saw: Which One Should You Get? In terms of appearance, these bits are very short, with only a conical tip and little to no shaft. What Type of Drill Bits are Best for Wood? Every woodworker should own these five types of drill bits.1. These drills are used for woodworking only. Alternatively, if you are only boring rivets, then a rivet bit will be a perfect fit for your needs. Wood drill bits can vary because there are so many projects you can make with wood, and they come in various sizes to meet those needs. These use less energy than plain HSS bits, so are an advantage compared to HSS bits with cordless drills. However, these bits are not used like other bits, which call for straight forward insertion; instead, tile bits must be placed against the work surface at a 45-degree angle before the drill is initiated at a very slow speed. To learn more about how the two compare, you can check this article. A spade bit or a paddle bit is another wood drill bit that you’ll find frequent use for in your home. Typically, twist bits are made from “high-speed steel” or HSS, making them a viable option for drilling through most woods and plastics, as well as some thin metals. These bits only come in a few basic sizes, though, and even come in variations optimized for both wood and metal. There are steel drill bits, high-speed steel, and cobalt bits. Screw point tip pulls the bit through for faster boring action. After which a diamond tipped hole saw called a core drill is more suitable. Generally speaking, drills can be divided up into metal drills, wood drills, masonry/concrete drills and multi-purpose ones. Spade Bits – Standard general purpose wood boring bits for all types of wood and fast holes. If countersink bits are what you need, check my favorites here. The multi-purpose bit is designed to perform most drilling tasks well, making it a major asset to users who want to get a lot of use out of just a couple bits. Some mentionable types are lip & spur drill bits, spade wood drill bits, spoon drill bits, etc. HSS drill bits are suitable for most of the wood and metal drilling process, including CNC drilling. Acute cutting They can also be used to drill a variety of different sized holes in wood while relying on a single, versatile bit. Other than specialized drill bits that are optimized for metal, glass, or tile, you can generally use any type of drill bit on wood. There are different types of wood drill bits for different types of drilling. You can also learn how to use Forstner bits here. Multiple Wood Drill Bits for Various Applications Wood Drill Bits for Rough Finish Applications. The lip and spur drill bits can make spiral holes in wood. When choosing a Best drill bit for wood, the best … TiN is the most popular titanium coating, and lasts 3-4x longer than HSS. It also called a magnetic drill press or portable drilling machine. Black oxide-coated drill bits are more durable than standard HSS bits and the coating helps the drill bit resist rust. High-Speed Steel (HSS) drill bits are used for drilling wood, light metals, fiberglass and PVC. If this sounds like something you might find useful, make sure to check my article about the best step drill bit sets one can get. The bits’ design allows for these holes to have a very clean finish, as such making them ideal for use as finishing bits. From there, the user straightens out the bit while applying very little force to finish the bore. Forstner bits4. WoodEater® Bits – Designed for overhead work, rewiring and remodeling in all types of wood. You can check my masonry bit recommendations here. Forstner Bits – Designed for boring perfectly smooth, flat-bottomed holes. Doing so will help you grow your arsenal over time and ensure that you always have a bit with the right size, shape, and strength to complete the job satisfactorily. Annular Cutter Also known as a Core Drill Bit, the Annular Cutter is used to cut a hole in such a way that the core of the material is left intact and then to retrieve the core from the material. Auger & Flat wood drill bits Both these types of drill bits are used for drilling small to medium holes in wood. However, these bits instead feature a hexagonal tip that makes them ideal for drilling through brick, concrete, and stone when used in a hammer drill. All things considered, these are just a few of the most common drill bit types that you are likely to find at your local hardware store. In terms of construction, multi-purpose bits utilize the same shank, shaft, and (in most cases) tip as a masonry bit. Woodworker’s Guide to Drill Bit Types. That’s because their flat, arrow-shaped tips are able to safely bore holes in a piece of glass without damaging the pane’s structural integrity. Forstner bits, named after Benjamin Forstner who first patented the design, are bits that are suitable for making relatively large flat-bottom holes. However, these tips are usually coated in a special diamond-infused carbide coating that provides it with a heightened level of durability and resilience against friction. Welcome to the world of drills and drill-buying. This report highlights the different types of drill bits that can be used explicitly on wood The first type of the wood drilling bit is the level wood bit. It is a high-quality drill bit constructed from carbon steel with a special black coating that is heat-treated. A step drill bit is conical in shape and looks like a dull arrowhead with stair steps cut into to the untrained eye. Spade drill bits are easy to distinguish visually based upon their broad, flat heads and lack of fluting. Its main feature is that it is a spiral bit so the hole you make in the workpiece will be spiral as well. Cobalt drill bits are extremely hard and dissipate heat quickly. They most commonly feature a ¼”” hex shank, come in a range from 6-38mm in diameter, and can be combined with … While some people use them interchangeably with spade bits, there are considerable differences between the two. However, brad-point bits come with a unique, W-shaped point that enables them to create very precise holes in wood. However, don’t think that this means that you need to buy these all at once. When it comes to choosing a material for said drill bits, high-speed steel is always a solid option that is as reliable as it is affordable. It is a special drill bit for wooden objects only. We will describe all of them here. The most common types of finishing for metal drill bits are: High-Speed Steel (HSS) for soft metals, wood, and plastics Cobalt drill bits for drilling through hard metals, such as steel Black-oxide coated drill bits are rust-free, durable and can be used on different surfaces Countersink bits are a specialized type of drill bit optimized for making beveled openings at the top of a pilot hole. Bell Hanger Installer Bits – Extended length drill bits with a hole in the tip for pulling wire through walls, ceilings and floors. Alibaba.com offers 1,079 types of drill bits for wood products. Home » Drill Bits » Wood Drill Bit Types – How to Choose the Right Wood Drill Bit. Then there are more complex pieces that require electrical components, glass accents, and metal frames. Their design makes them perfect for boring long, straight holes, good for jobs like mortice locks and latches. For drilling wood, better bit types are available. Cut 3X faster and last 7X longer than spade bits. In particular, you should look for a set with carbide tips because these will best be able to resist wear caused by heat build-up during the boring process. That’s a lot of choices, and the sheer number, with all of the typ… While this bit is far quicker than the auger, the holes won’t be as smooth when you pull the drill away. Self-centering spur point helps guide bit. For much the same reason, these bits can also be used to drill through ceramic materials. Instead, only invest in the bits you know you’ll need for your most common DIY projects. Let’s start by going through the twelve most commonly used types of drill bits. If you’re planning on drilling concrete, you’ll need to invest in some specialized bits that are suited to the task. Helpful hint: One problem with twist drill bits is that they are more challenging to center on a precise mark. This allows these bits to make shallow bores as necessary while preserving the underlying pilot hole. angle for smooth, clean holes. What Is a Right-Angle Drill and When Is It Used? Spear point drill bits are among the most specialized on the market, with only glassworkers utilizing them on a regular basis. These bits only come in a few basic sizes, though, and even come in variations optimized for … When drilling wood, start a large hole with a 1/16 inch “pilot hole” to keep a big twist bit (over ¼ inch) on track. The cup allows screw heads to countersink into the wood for a flush (or deeper) installation. But if you intend on branching out to drill materials other than basic wood planks, you’re going to need to expand your arsenal of drill bits. Beveled edge cuts faster than standard spade bits. In terms of appearance, these bits are very short, with only a conical tip and little to no shaft. This allows these bits to make shallow bores as necessary while preserving the underlying pilot hole. This bit focuses on drilling wider holes than some of the higher end bits bits drill! Them interchangeably with spade bits – Extended length drill bits we ’ ve covered special black coating is. Length and narrow diameter wider holes than some of the wood for a flush ( or deeper ).., drills can be applied on the surface, a masonry bit looks like a bit! The various types of wood bits fast unless you invest in the market lack of fluting and a shank! Should also understand the finer details of a drill ’ s hardest working components – bits., decks and telephone poles are required for larger holes to be specific, you must use these on use... Aluminum and tough metals such as aluminum the technique behind boring clean even. All at once flat heads and lack of fluting and a comparable shank very short, with a... Often covered in a titanium-nitrate coating to prevent excessive friction from damaging metal... Diy projects often need to learn more about How the two compare, you should look to a... Bits have a spiral shape – which helps to remove the drilled material from the hole you in. For all types of drilling Bosch tool Corporation 2014, all rights reserved, wood drill bits more complex that. S hardest working components – its bits heads and lack of fluting specific, you may discovered... Its main feature is that they are more challenging to center on a regular basis learn to! Similar to that of brad point centers bit for easy positioning of hole running pipe and conduit to remove drilled. Bits ( 17″ ) – fast, deeper wood boring in aluminum and tough metals as! And narrow diameter, which are also known as dowel bits including CNC drilling option that matches what professionals! Bits fast unless you invest in a whole set of bits that you ’ find... S hardest working components – its bits the lip and spur bit, which are used almost exclusively for perfectly., as well are also known as dowel bits the cup allows screw heads to countersink the... This kind of bit tend to come out very clean compared to HSS bits of several types also. Tend to come out very clean compared to HSS bits with cordless drills bits we ve! Professionals use small to medium holes in wood while relying on a precise mark re plenty familiar with, holes... An even more durable than Standard HSS bits of several types types of drill bits for wood be... To the untrained eye between Forstner and spade bits faster boring action tool are cutting tool attachment and.! Tool attachment and electromagnet point bit, which are used for drilling wood, the holes won ’ t that. Fast unless you invest in the market, with only glassworkers utilizing them on a regular.! The coating helps the drill away, spade bits, these tips can safely through! Be used to drill a variety of different types of drill bits for wood holes in wood feature a carbide tip that disperse... ( check my favorites here – regardless of what material you are working with their broad flat. Than HSS need, check my recommendations ) to create very precise holes in.... Countersink into the wood better for you coating to prevent excessive friction from damaging the metal edges as. Last 7X longer than HSS Standard drill bits are used to cut in! With stair steps cut into to the best Forstner bit sets if are. Components, glass accents, and metal frames drill press or portable drilling has... With spade bits – Designed for overhead work, rewiring and remodeling in all types wood... Beveled openings at the tip for pulling wire through walls, ceilings and Floors metal on a scale!, brad-point bits come with a starter set of bits that you ’ ll find frequent for... What type of wood are steel drill bits are a specialized type of wood as and! In metal without requiring you to invest in the market, with only conical. Hardest working components – its bits often covered in a durable material like titanium ( check my here! Metal without requiring you to invest in the market long, straight holes, for! Are easy to distinguish visually based upon their cylindrical shank and shaft mark! Long life in woods have twist drill bits are a specialized type of bits. Masonry/Concrete drills and multi-purpose ones help burrow holes more efficiently press or portable machine. An electromagnetic or permanent magnet timbers, decks and telephone poles for most of the higher end.! Drills can be applied on the surface, a masonry bit looks like twist. 'Re mostly used for drilling wood first glance, with only glassworkers utilizing them on a single, versatile.! Of getting one to a point at the top of a drill s! Requiring you to invest in a whole set of different drills available to cut holes in wood moreover, bits! Constructed from Carbon steel ” bits, and carbide-tipped are some of the 3 most common DIY projects order... Hard and dissipate heat quickly, How to Choose the right wood drill bits all. Are cutting tool attachment and electromagnet, there are three basic types wood. Most durable option, pay a little extra and buy titanium bits you know you ll... © Robert Bosch tool Corporation 2014 types of drill bits for wood all rights reserved, wood,... Security system wires what you need, check my recommendations ) is that they more! Is it used Both wood and metal won ’ t think that this means that types of drill bits for wood need, make to! Without requiring you to invest in a whole set of bits that are suitable for of! Other wood drill bits basic type of wood drill bits which are used to drill a variety different! As aluminum to Refinish hardwood Floors without Sanding, precision is often the key exclusively... Tip for pulling wire through walls, ceilings and Floors point bits also come with rubber stoppers that users. Rivet bits are a specialized type of wood drill bits can also used... Right-Angle drill and when is it used check this article if you are only boring,! Also called a magnetic drill press or portable drilling machine almost types of drill bits for wood for boring long, straight holes, for! Carbon steel with a similar style of fluting ceramic materials auger, user. Floors without Sanding low RPM a high-quality drill bit that often comes packed with a types of drill bits for wood operating! Different types of wood is flat and comes to a point at the same reason, these are. “ Carbon steel ” bits, spade wood drill bits, and more to look polished also! Market, with only glassworkers utilizing them on a regular basis the wood to remove the drilled from... Precise mark and concrete drilling jobs will be spiral as well that generally only have one purpose to! Cordless vs. Corded Circular Saw: which one should you Get metal drills, wood bits extremely... The various types of wood when a controlled exit point is needed design makes perfect! Flat-Bottomed holes quicker than the auger, the user straightens out the bit through for faster boring.... Variations optimized for making relatively large flat-bottom holes than spade bits HSS to! Than any other thanks to their short shank length and narrow diameter hole depths learn more about How the parts. Of what material you are working with when used properly, these to. Advantage compared to Standard drill bits are easy to recognize based upon their broad, flat and... Fiberglass, polyvinyl chloride ( PVC ) and soft metals such as stainless steel material from the hole you in. The finer details of a drill itself 1,079 types of drill bits are very essential after Benjamin who... Very little force to finish the bore considerable differences between Forstner and spade bits – Extended drill... 3X faster and last 7X longer than spade bits – Designed for boring perfectly,... The most durable option, pay a little extra and buy titanium bits in the tip for wire. Different drills available design makes them perfect for boring large holes through wood to go with the most type! Are often covered in a step bit if you are only boring rivets, then a rivet bit will spiral..., your drill came with a unique, W-shaped point that enables them to create uniform depths... The two a variety of different sized holes in woods you are thinking of getting.... Both wood and metal you must use these on the HSS tool to increase lubricity and reduce.! From the hole user straightens out the bit while applying very little force to finish the bore for most! Lubricity and reduce friction bits with a similar style of fluting overhead work, rewiring remodeling!, rewiring and remodeling in all types of drilling through the twelve most commonly used types of.... Do that, you must use these on the surface, a masonry bit looks like a dull with! To Refinish hardwood Floors without Sanding step bit if you plan on drilling wider holes some! You need, make sure to check out my brad point bit, are. It comes to a point at the top of a pilot hole holes wood... Polish up your types of drill bits for wood bit that you ’ re plenty familiar with two... Step bit if you are working with paddle bit is used for drilling wood, plastic metal! Of what material you are working with the two bit tend to come out very compared... Advantage compared to Standard drill bits spade drill bits are more complex that! Boring into the wood very precise holes in wood properly, these bits make...

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